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Adad as the greatest god (1)

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Topics (move over topic to see place in topic list)

01 Religious and ideological doctrines and imagery

12 Assyrian Identity

01 Religious and ideological doctrines and imagery

02 Religious and ideological symbols and iconographic motifs

06 Visual arts and architecture

01 Religious and ideological doctrines and imagery

5th century CE
Roman Empire
Roman philosophers and scholars

Macrobius, Saturnalia 1.23.17-20:
Let me tell you what the Assyrians believe about the sovereignty of the sun. To the god whom they revere as highest and greatest (summum maximumque) of the gods they have given the name of Adad, a name which, being interpreted, means “One One.” Him, then, they worship as the most powerful god, but they associate with him a goddess called Adargatis, and to these two deities, by whom they understand the sun and the earth, they ascribe full power over all things. And, instead of using a number of names to express the power shared by these deities in all its forms, they indicate the manifold pre-eminence of this twofold godhead by the attributes which each deity bears. These attributes of themselves tell of the nature of the sun; for the statue of Adad is distinguished by rays which point downward, to show that the might of heaven is in the rays which pour down from the sun to the earth, but the statue of Adargatis is distinguished by rays which point upward, to show that everything that the earth brings forth owes its birth to the power of the rays sent from above. Under the statue of Adargatis are figures of lions, to indicate that the goddess represents the earth, on the same principle as that by which the Phrygians have represented the Mother of the Gods, that is to say, the earth, in a car drawn by lions.

Source (list of abbreviations) (source links will open in a new browser window)
Macrobius, Saturnalia 1.23.17-20


Davies 1969, 152-153Davies, Percival V. Macrobius, The Saturnalia. Records of Civilization. Sources and Studies 79. New York, London: Columbia University Press 1969.
Talon 2001, 275Talon, Philippe. “Enūma Eliš and the Transmission of Babylonian Cosmology to the West.” In: R. M. Whiting 2001 (ed.). Mythology and Mythologies. Methodological Approaches to Intercultural Influences. Melammu Symposia 2. Helsinki: The Neo-Assyrian Text Corpus Project 2001, 265-277. [PDF]

Links (external links will open in a new browser window)
Cf. Apamea and the Chaldean Oracles (1)
Cf. Proclus on the Chaldaean Oracles (1)

Amar Annus

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