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Byblos sanctuary of Aphrodite (1)

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03 Religious festivals, cults, rituals and practices

03 Religious festivals, cults, rituals and practices

03 Religious festivals, cults, rituals and practices

01 Religious and ideological doctrines and imagery

03 Religious festivals, cults, rituals and practices

2nd century CE
Roman Empire
Helleno-Roman philosophers and scholars

pseudo-Lucian, De Dea Syria 6:
I did see, however, in Byblos a great sanctuary of Aphrodite of Byblos in which they perform the rites of Adonis, and I learned about the rites. They say, at any rate, that what the boar did to Adonis occurred in their territory. As a memorial of his suffering each year they beat their breasts, mourn, and celebrate the rites. Throughout the land they perform solemn lamentations. When they cease their breast-beating and weeping, they first sacrifice to Adonis as if to a dead person, but then, on the next day, they proclaim that he lives and send him into the air. They also shave their heads, as do the Egyptians when Apis dies. The women who refuse to shave pay this penalty: For a single day they stand offering their beauty for sale. The market, however, is open to foreigners only and the payment becomes an offering to Aphrodite.

Source (list of abbreviations) (source links will open in a new browser window)
pseudo-Lucian, De Dea Syria 6


Attridge and Oden 1976Attridge, H. W. and R. A. Oden. The Syrian Goddess (De Dea Syria), Attributed to Lucian. Graeco-Roman Religion 1. Missoula: Scholars Press for the Society of Biblical Literature 1976.
Mettinger 2001, 132Mettinger, T. Riddle of Resurrection. "Dying and Rising Gods" in the Ancient Near East. Coniectanea Biblica Old Testament Series 50. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell International 2001.

Amar Annus

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