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Adonis and Aphrodite (2)

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04 Religious and philosophical literature and poetry

03 Religious festivals, cults, rituals and practices

2nd century BCE
Hellenistic Empires
Hellenistic philosophers and scholars

Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.14.4:
But Hesiod says Adonis was the son of Phoenix and Alphesiboea, while Panyassis makes him the son of Theias, a king of Assyria, who had a daughter Smyrna. She, through the anger of Aphrodite (whom she failed to honour), conceived a desire for her father, and with her nurse as accomplice she lay with him for twelve nights without his realizing it. When he became aware of it, he drew a sword and chased her, and she as she was being overtaken prayed to the gods to disappear. They took pity on her and changed her into the tree called smyrna (myrrh). Ten months later the tree split open, and they say Adonis was born from it. Because of his beauty Aphrodite concealed him from the gods, still a baby, in a chest, and placed it with Persephone; but when she saw him, she refused to give him back. An adjudication was made by Zeus, and the year was divided into three parts. He ordained that Adonis should stay by himself for one part, stay for one with Persephone, and the other with Aphrodite. But Adonis gave Aphrodite his own time too. Later, while hunting, he was gored by a boar and died.

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Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.14.4
Panyassis 28


West 2003West, Martin L. Greek Epic fragments from the seventh to the fifth centuries BC. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, London: Heinemann 2003.

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Cf. Adonis and Aphrodite (1)

Amar Annus

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