The logo of the Melammu Project

The Melammu Project

The Heritage of Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East

  The Melammu Project
   General description
   Search string
   Browse by topic
   Search keyword
   Submit entry
   Open search
   Thematic search
   Digital Library
   Submit item
   Ancient texts
   Submit link
  Contact us

  The Newsletter
  To Project Information >


The body was created by rulers (1)

Printable view
Topics (move over topic to see place in topic list)

01 Religious and ideological doctrines and imagery

02 Religious and ideological symbols and iconographic motifs

04 Religious and philosophical literature and poetry

05 Scientific knowledge and scholarly lore

01 Religious and ideological doctrines and imagery

9th century CE
10th century CE
12th century CE
Aramaic culture
Christian-Syriac philosophers and scholars

Michael the Syrian, Chronicle 1.110:
(According to Bardesanes) he who spoke with Moses and the prophets was an archangel and not God himself. Our Lord was clothed with the body of an angel, and Mary clothed a soul from the world of light, who enveloped himself in the shape of a body. The rulers (shaped) the man: the superior gave him his soul and the inferior his limbs.

Agapius of Mabbug, Kitab al-Unwan, in Patrologia Orientalis 7.520:
He (= Bardesanes) maintains that the brains of man com from the Sun, his bones from Saturn, his veins from Mercury, his blood from Mars, his flesh from Jupiter, his hair from Venus and his skin from the Moon.

Theodore bar Konai, Liber Scholiorum 319-320:
Let us record (here) a small sample of the wickedness of ‘Audi. Writing in an apocalypse which bears the name of Abraham, one of the creators speaks thus: “The world and the created order were made by Darkness and six other powers.” It says, moreover: “They beheld by how many divinities the soul is purified, and by how many divinities the body was formed.” It says further: “They asked, ‘Who compelled the angels and powers to form the body?’” And in an apocalypse attributed to John, it says: “(As for) those rulers that I saw, my body was created by them”, and lists the names of the holy creators, when it says, “my wisdom created flesh, understanding created skin, Elohim created bones, my kingdom created blood, Adonai created nerves, anger created hair, and thought created the brains.” This (material) was taken from Chaldean doctrines.

Sources (list of abbreviations)
Agapius of Mabbug, Kitab al-Unwan, in Patrologia Orientalis 7.520
Michael the Syrian, Chronicle 1.110
Theodore bar Konai, Liber Scholiorum 319-320


Drijvers 1966, 189Drijvers, Han J. W. Bardaisan of Edessa. Studia Semitica Neerlandica 6. Assen: Van Gorcum 1966.
Reeves 1996, 116Reeves, John C. Heralds of That Good Realm. Syro-Mesopotamian Gnosis and Jewish Traditions. Nag Hammadi and Manichaean Studies 41. Leiden: E.

Amar Annus

URL for this entry:

No pictures