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Deportations to Aššur by Neo-Assyrian kings (1)

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08 Administrative systems

9th century BCE
8th century BCE
7th century BCE
Neo-Assyrian Empire
Neo-Assyrian texts

The Neo-Assyrian kings often deported large groups of people throughout their empire. This provided excellent opportunities for the diffusion of Mesopotamian culture throughout the Neo-Assyrian zone of influence.


List of geographical names relating to deportations to Aššur by Assyrian kings
(total 141 entries)

From: PlaceFrom: Area (modern names)King/TimeSource of
Abel-Beth-Maˀachah (20)Israel-JordanTiglath-Pileser III (745-727 BCE)OT
Akabrina (38/39)Southwestern IranAshurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Akkû (20)Israel-JordanAshurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Algariga (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Ammali (36)Northwestern Iran (south Lake Urmia)Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)RI
Apparu (42)ArabiaAshurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Aranziaš (?)?Shamshi-Adad V (823-811 BCE)RI
Aranziaš (?)?Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
*Aribi/Arubu (42)ArabiaAshurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Arpadda (24)SyriaAdad-nirari III (810-783 BCE)AL (?)
Arumu/Arime (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sargon II (721-705 BCE)RI
Arumu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Arzâ (20)Israel-JordanEsarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI
Bābili (40/41)BabylonSennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI, BC
Bašimu (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Bāzu (42)ArabiaEsarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI, AL
Bīt-Adini (27)SyriaAshurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)RI
Bīt-Adini (27)SyriaShalmaneser III (858-824 BCE)RI
Bīt-Amukāni (40/41)SyriaTiglath-Pileser III (745-727 BCE)RI, AL
Bīt-Arrabi (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Bīt-Bunakki (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Bīt-Burutaš (26)South-central TurkeySargon II (721-705 BCE)RI
Bīt-Khamban (37)West-central Iran/ElamShalmaneser III (858-824 BCE)RI
*Bīt-Khumrî (20)IsraelTiglath-Pileser III (745-727 BCE)RI
*Bīt-Jākīn ((40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Bīt-Kunuk-Bītsu (38/39)West-central Iran/ElamAshurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Bīt-Qatatti (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Bīt-Unzaja (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Bīt-Zamāni (29)Diyarbakir (Southeastern Turkey)Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)RI
Bubê (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Bubilu (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Buda (42)ArabiaEsarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI
Daeba (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Damunu (41/42)South Iraq/ArabiaSennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Dikhrānu (42)ArabiaEsarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI
Dimtu-ša-simame (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Dimtu- ša-tapapa (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Din-šarri (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI, Rel
Dūr-Illatāja (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Tiglath-Pileser III (745-727 BCE)RI
Dūr-Šarri (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Dūr-Undāsi (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Dūr- Undāsima (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
*Ellipi (38)West-central Iran (Kermanshah)Sargon II (721-705 BCE)RI
Enzikarme (42)ArabiaAshurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Gaˀuānu (42)ArabiaEsarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI
*Galil (20)IsraelTiglath-Pileser III (745-727 BCE)OT
Gambūlu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Gambūlu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI, AL
Gargamiš (27)Carchemish (Southern Turkey)Sargon II (721-705 BCE)RI
Gargamiš (27)Carchemish (Southern Turkey)Adad-nirari III (810-783 BCE)AL
Gatudu (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Gatuduma (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Gilˀad (20)IsraelTiglath-Pileser III (745-727 BCE)OT
*Gurgum (25)Southern TurkeySargon II (721-705 BCE)RI
*Gurumu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Hajausi (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Khaldisu (42)ArabiaEsarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI
Hamarāni (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
*Hamat (23)SyriaSargon II (721-705 BCE)RI, AL, OT?
Khara (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Khasōr (20)IsraelTiglath-Pileser III (745-727 BCE)OT
Khilakku (26)Southern TurkeySennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Khilmu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Khindiru (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Ibrat (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Ikhilu (42)ArabiaEsarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI
Illubru (26)Southern TurkeySennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Ilpiatu (42)ArabiaEsarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI
Ingirâ (26)Southern TurkeySennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Irgidu (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
From: PlaceFrom: Area (modern names)King/TimeSource of
Irrāna (42)ArabiaAshurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Janōkh (20)IsraelTiglath-Pileser III (745-727 BCE)OT
*Kaldu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Southern Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
*Kaldu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Southern Babylonia)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)Reliefs
Kalzi (30)Urartu (Southeastern Turkey)Esarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI
Kanisu (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Kaprabi (27)Southern Turkey (Urfa)Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)RI
Karalla (26)Southern TurkeySargon II (721-705 BCE)RI
Kedeš (20)IsraelTiglath-Pileser III (745-727 BCE)OT
Kiprê (40/41)BabyloniaSennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Kirrûri (34)Northeastern Iraq (Rawanduz)Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)RI
*Kummukhi (25)Southern TurkeySargon II (721-705 BCE)RI
Kusurtājin (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Labdudu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Tiglath-Pileser III (745-727 BCE)RI, AL
Lāqê (28)Northeastern SyriaAshurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)RI
Liˀtāwu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Madaktu (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI, Reliefs, AL
Magalānu (42)ArabiaEsarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI
Malakhu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Mankhabbi (42)ArabiaAshurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Manna (36)Southern Lake UrmiaSennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Marqasi (conquered territory, Sutû) (25)Southern TurkeySargon II (721-705 BCE)RI
Masuttu (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Melīdi (25)Southern TurkeySargon II (721-705 BCE)RI
Meturnat (35)Eastern Iraq, on Diyala RiverShamshi-Adad V (823-811 BCE)RI
Musru (19)EgyptAshurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI, AL
*Naˀiri (29)Southeastern Turkey (Diyarbakir ?)Shalmaneser III (858-824 BCE)RI
Nadi (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Nagītu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Nagītu-Diˀbina (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
*Namri (37)Zagros Mountains, Western IranShalmaneser III (858-824 BCE)RI
Nāqidāte (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Nīˀ (19)Egypt (Thebes)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Palaštu (20)IsraelSennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI, AL
Parsua (37)Western Iran (Hamadan)Shalmaneser III (858-824 BCE)RI
*Pattina (24)Northwestern Syria (Halab ?)Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)RI
Patušarra (37)Western IranEsarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI
Pillutu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Puqūdu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI, AL
Qabrina (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Qabrinama (39)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Qadabaˀu (42)ArabiaEsarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI
Qedar (42)ArabiaAshurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Quwe (26)Cilicia (Southern Turkey)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Rikhikhi (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Ruˀua (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI, AL
Samˀal (25)Amanus Mountains (Southern Turkey)Adad-Nerari III (810-783 BCE)AL
Samˀūna (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Sāmirīna (20)IsraelSargon II (721-705 BCE)RI, OT
Sippar (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Sirqu (28)Northeastern SyriaAshurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)RI
Sūkhu (35)Northwestern Iraq (on Euphrates River)Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)RI
Sidūnu (21)Southern LebanonSennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI, AL
Sidūnu (21)Southern LebanonEsarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI, AL
Surru (21)Southern LebanonSennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Ša-pî-Bel (40/41)Southeastern IraqAshurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Šilaja (30)Urartu (Southeastern Turkey)Shalmaneser III (858-824 BCE)RI
Šinukhtu (26)Southern TurkeySargon II (721-705 BCE)RI
Šubria (30)Urartu (Southeastern Turkey)Esarhaddon (680-669 BCE)RI
Šušan (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI, OT
Taraqu (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Teman (29) (?)Southeastern TurkeyAdad-nerari II (911-891)RI
Temen-Marduk-Šar (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Til-Garimmu (25)Central TurkeySargon II (721-705 BCE)RI
Ubudu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Uda (29)Southeastern TurkeyAshurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)RI
Ubulu (40/41)Southern Iraq (Babylonia)Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)RI
Unu (19)EgyptAshurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Urdalika (39)Southwestern Iran (Elam)Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)RI
Zamua (36)Northwestern Iran (Southern Lake Urmia)Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)RI
Zamua (36)Northwestern Iran (Southern Lake Urmia)Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)RI
From: PlaceFrom: Area (modern names)King/TimeSource of

Mass-deportation in the Neo-Assyrian Empire (tabulated summary)

Rule (reign)Number of deportationsNumber of deportees
  Complete totals known from sourcesIncomplete totals known from sourcesCases with number of deportees not given
Ashur-dan II (934-912 BCE)2  2
Adad-nerari-II (911-891 BCE)1  1
Tukulti-Ninurta II (890-884 BCE)2  2
Ashurnasirpal II (883-859 BCE)1312,900 5
Shalmaneser III (858-824 BCE)8167,500 3
Shamshi-Adad V (823-811 BCE)636,200 2
Adad-nerari III (810-783 BCE)1  1
Shalmaneser IV (782-772 BCE)    
Ashur-dan III (771-754 BCE)    
Ashur-nerari V (753-746 BCE)    
Tiglath-pileser III (745-727 BCE)37368,543(x) + 25,05519
Shalmaneser V (726-722 BCE)1  1
Sargon II (721-705 BCE)38217,635(x) + 21,65024
Sennacherib (704-681 BCE)20408,150(x) + 61,00017
Esarhaddon (680-669 BCE)12  12
Ashurbanipal (668-627 BCE)16  16
Total1571,210,928(x) + 107,705105

RIRoyal (Historical) Inscriptions
ALAdministrative and Legal Texts
BCBabylonian Chronicles
OTOld Testament
+More Places
*A geographical name of a land in which several sites are included in the list
( )Numbers, next to place names, refer to Oded’s map.

The table is from Oded 1979.
The spelling is according to Parpola 1970. Thus, the reader can easily find the relevant passage in the documents by the three given indicators: the place name, the king’s name and the text category.
The modern names in the “From: Area” were estimated from a comparison of Oded’s map, with Encarta Encyclopedia and the Encyclopedia Britannica, CD 2002.
King reigns are from Saggs 2000, 418-19.


Oded 1979Oded, Bustenay. Mass Deportations and Deportees in the Neo-Assyrian Empire. Wiesbaden: Reichert 1979.
Parpola 1970Parpola, Simo. Neo-Assyrian Toponyms. Alter Orient und Altes Testament 6. Kevelaer: Butzon and Bercker, Neukirchen-Vluyn: Neukirchener Verlag des Erziehungsvereins 1970.
Saggs 2000, 418-419H. W. F. Saggs. The Babylonians. A Survey of the Ancient Civilization of the Tigris-Euphrares Valley. London: The Folio Society 2000.

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Cf. Foreign nationals in Calah (1)

George V. Yana (Bebla)

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Illustrations (click an image to view the full-size version in a new window)

Fig. 1: Map with regions from which people were deported demarcated (from Oded 1979).