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The Melammu Project

The Heritage of Mesopotamia and the Ancient Near East

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Administrative systems
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Judiciary and legislature
Language and communication
Literature and poetry
Mesopotamian objects abroad
Religious and political doctrines
Religious practice
Science and scholarship


Judiciary and legislature

Civil 1993 Civil, M. “On Mesopotamian Jails and Their Lady Warden.” In: Mark E. Cohen, Daniel C. Snell and David B. Weisberg (eds.). The Tablet and the Scroll. Near Eastern Studies in Honour of William W. Hallo. Bethesda MD: CDL Press 1993, 72-78.
Dalley 1998 Dalley, Stephanie. “The Influence of Mesopotamia upon Israel and the Bible.” In: S. Dalley (ed.). The Legacy of Mesopotamia. Oxford: Oxford University Press 1998, 57-83.
Foster 1996 Foster, Benjamin. Before the Muses. Ann Arbor: CDL Press 1996 (second edition).
Frantz-Murphy 1985 Frantz-Murphy, Gladys. “A Comparison of the Arabic and Earlier Egyptian Contract Formularies. Part II: Terminology in the Arabic Warranty and the Idiom of Clearing/Cleansing.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies 44 (1985) 99–114. [JSTOR (requires subscription)]
Godley 1960 Godley, A. D. Herodotus. 4 Vols. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, London: Heinemann 1960.
Gross 2008 Gross, Andrew D. Continuity and Innovation in the Aramaic Legal Tradition. Supplements to the Journal for the Study of Judaism 128. Leiden: Brill 2008.
Jenssen 1995 Jenssen, Caroline. Babil, the City of Witchcraft and Wine. Mesopotamian History and Environment Memoirs 2. Ghent: University of Ghent 1995.
Levinson 2004 Levinson, Bernard. “Is the Covenant Code an Exilic Composition? A Response to John Van Seters.” In: J. Day (ed.). In Search of Pre-Exilic Israel. Proceedings of the Oxford Old Testament Seminar. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark 2004, 272-325.
Louis 1967 Louis, E. Lord. Cicero, In Catilinam I-IV, Pro Murena, Pro Sulla, Pro Flacco. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, London: Heinemann 1967.
Roth 1995 Roth, Martha T. Law Collections from Mesopotamia and Asia Minor. Writings from the Ancient World 6. Atlanta: Scholars Press 1995.
Saggs 2000 H. W. F. Saggs. The Babylonians. A Survey of the Ancient Civilization of the Tigris-Euphrares Valley. London: The Folio Society 2000.
Spiegelberg 1914 Spiegelberger, W. Die sogenannte demotische Chronik des Pap. 215 der Bibliothèque Nationale zu Paris. Demotische Studien 7. Leipzig: Hinrichs 1914.
Wells 2006 Wells, Bruce. “The Covenant Code and Near Eastern Legal Traditions. A Response to David P. Wright.” Maarav 13 (2006) 85-118.
Wells 2008 Wells, Bruce. “What Is Biblical Law? A Look at Pentateuchal Rules and Near Eastern Practice.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 70 (2008) 223-243.
West 1997 West, Martin L. The East Face of Helicon. West Asiatic Elements in Greek Poetry and Myth. Oxford: Clarendon Press 1997.
Westbrook 2008 Westbrook, Raymond. “The Laws of Biblical Israel.” In: Frederick Greenspahn (ed.). The Hebrew Bible. New Insights and Scholarship. Jewish Studies in the 21st Century. New York: New York University Press 2008, 99–119.
Wright 2003 Wright, David P. “The Laws of Hammurabi as a Source for the Covenant Collection (Exodus 20:23-23:19).” Maarav 10 (2003) 11-87.
Wright 2004 Wright, David P. “The Compositional Logic of the Goring Ox and Negligence Laws in the Covenant Collection (Exodus 21:28-36).” Zeitschrift für Altorientalische und Biblische Rechtsgeschichte 10 (2004) 93-142.
Wright 2004 Wright, David P. “The Fallacies of Chiasmus. A Critique of Structures Proposed for the Covenant Collection (Exodus 20:23-23:19).” Zeitschrift für Altorientalische und Biblische Rechtsgeschichte 10 (2004) 143-168.
Wright 2006 Wright, David P. “The Laws of Hammurabi and the Covenant Code. A Response to Bruce Wells.” Maarav 13 (2006) 211-260.
Wright 2009 Wright, David P. Inventing God's Law. How the Covenant Code of the Bible Used and Revised the Laws of Hammurabi. Oxford: Oxford University Press 2009.